We offer many different disease resistant apple trees on a variety of rootstocks. Factors affecting eventual size of fruit trees include the natural fertility of the site, fertilizer, age, and variance between individual varieties. For example, some apple varieties are naturally vigorous - William's Pride, Gravenstein, Chehalis, King, Northern Spy, and Spitzenberg. Or compact varieties such as Liberty, Akane, and Winter Banana. The advantage of dwarfing rootstocks is in ease of harvest, quick bearing and large fruit. Small trees can be planted much closer together, allowing for greater variety in a small area. One disadvantage of dwarfs are a smaller root systems, resulting in poorer anchoring and more drought susceptibility which can make them more prone to disease and insect attack.
Dwarfing apple trees with a heavy fruit loads may need staking or other support to keep from falling over. Early thinning of heavy crop loads can lessen this problem and will increase the size of remaining fruit. Summer pruning, from June to early August, has a naturally dwarfing effect on dwarfs or standard sizes, keeping them small for ease of harvest and to accommodate smaller spaces. With annual pruning the apple trees can be maintained short enough to reach from the ground with an arm outstretched. A compact tree is also much easier to net if bird predation is a problem.
Rootstocks: *If we're out of a particular rootstock size, we will substitute the closest size available unless if you request no substitutions. *
Mini Dwarf - EM27 is our most dwarfing rootstock to about 5 ft. M9 NIC29 and Bud 9 are more typically 6-10 ft. All are very precocious and require staking or trellising.
Dwarf - EM26 and G222 reach 8-12 ft. and can be free standing if thinned when young. G-935 is a dwarfing rootstock from Geneva NY and it is known for cold hardiness, few suckers, and quick production of large fruit with resistance to fireblight, root rot, and crown rot.
Semi-dwarf - EM7A and M106 are semi-dwarfs that grow 10-17 ft. M111 rootstock is a slighter larger semi-dwarf. BUD118 is an extra hardy Russian rootstock, gives a large semi-dwarf tree, about the size of M111. They are all better anchored and more drought tolerant.
Standard - Antonovka is a standard rootstock which gives a very hardy, well anchored, full sized tree (+20 ft.).
THE APPLE VARIETIES ARE LISTED BELOW IN ORDER OF RIPENING
Medium-large red striped fruit is firm, crisp, juicy and aromatic. Has a sweet, pleasing flavor. Productive and precocious, a good keeper. Blooms late. Resistant to scab and fireblight. Sweet Sixteen Apple is a very cold hardy Minnesota selection. Zone 3-8.
Dark red, dessert-quality apple that is also good for cooking. Excellent keeper. Self-fertile. High antioxidant level. Resistant to scab, mildew and fireblight. Spartan apple is a hybrid of McIntosh x Newton. Zone 3-9.
Pink Lady ® a patented apple, originally from Australia has become very popular due to its crunchy texture sweet/tart flavor, extraordinary keeping quality and ability to resist browning when cut. The original Pink Lady ® a cross between Lady Williams and Golden Delicious requires a long growing season, lacking in the Pacific Northwest. Early Pink Lady ® is an early ripening bud sport of Pink Lady, ripening nearly a month earlier.
Sweet red fruits are of exceptional flavor. They are also juicy and crisp. Mid fall ripening, high yielding, the fruits hang well on the tree and keep very well into spring. Scab immune and resistant to the other major apple diseases. Mid to late bloom time in spring. New release from PRI, the culmination of 60 plus year old breeding program for desirable, disease resistant varieties. Jonathan, Newton, and Cox's Orange Pippen are among Winecrisp Apple's parents. USPP No. 20437.
Red-striped, sweet and crisp dessert apple that ripens in October. King Apples can be pollinated by Northern Spy, Sweet 16, Gold Rush and Prairie Fire. Also known as Tomkins King, or King of Tomkins County. Zone 5-9.
England's favorite apple. Excellent flavor, juicy, sweet and crisp. Medium-sized round fruits, yellow/orange skin with reddish brown streaks. Cox Orange Pippin is a vigorous apple variety. Mid-season ripening. Self-fruitful.
Large, firm, juicy, tart fruits are often picked green for pies and sauces. Allowed to fully ripen, fruit is yellow/red and suitable for fresh eating. Bramley's Apples are also used in cider blends. High vitamin C content and especially high in beneficial antioxidants. Vigorous and heavy bearing trees in mid-season. Scab and mildew resistant. Pollen sterile, needs a late blooming pollinator such as Northern Spy, Gold Rush, Wolf River or Winecrisp. Zone 4-9.
Large, red, crisp and flavorful. Flavor improves with storage. Harvest late October and it will keep up to 6 months. Enterprise Apples are resistant to scab, mildew, fireblight and cedar apple rust. Pollinates with all except King & Gravenstein. Zone 4-9. $1.00 patent fee has been added to the price.
Best keeping, disease resistant apple. Ripens in early November. Improves in quality after 2 months in storage and keeps up to 7 months. Scab immune, resistant to mildew and fireblight. Goldrush is a yellow, crisp, medium sized apple with excellent flavor. Zone 4-9.