Beautiful showy trees that are commonly grown for their ornamental blossoms and berries that attract wildlife. Dogwood Trees have all season interest in the landscape. The Cornus genus has a vast amount of species and varieties to choose from.
Cornus amomum - Silky Dogwood is native to North American. Produces small white flower clusters and dark blue fruits. Also called Swamp Dogwood because it commonly grows in wetland areas.
Cornus florida - Although all dogwoods bloom, this species is referred to particularly as Flowering Dogwood because of its attractive, large, ornamental blossoming varieties.
Cornus kousa - Native to Asia, these Oriental Dogwood trees are smaller and rounder. In spring they are covered in smaller blossoms of white, white with pink tips, pink or deep pink (Rosabella or Satomi Red). Produces a bright red berry in the autumn which is edible to humans and wildlife. This species is disease resistant and can be maintained as a shrub.
Cornus mas - Cornelian Cherry Dogwoods are very hardy (-30° F). Very early blooming and are producers of edible fruit that can be eaten fresh or used in cooking.
Cornus nuttallii - Pacific Dogwoods have huge white flowers on tall, impressive trees. All Pacific Dogwoods should be planted in sunny locations with good air circulation to minimize disease problems. Avoid sprinkler irrigation. Drought tolerant. Native to the Pacific Northwest.
Cornus sericea - Red Osier Dogwoods are great shrubs for fall and winter interest with its red fall color, red twigs, and berries that feed wildlife.
Groundcover creeping dogwood what gets about 6" high. White dogwood flowers followed by bunches of red berries in fall. Attracts bees and butterflies. Birds eat the fruits. Nice fall colors. Does not tolerate foot traffic. Produces clonal colonies. Bunchberry is great for naturalizing in woodlands. Grow in shade with moist, acidic soil and abundant organic matter. Native to northern US and Canada. Zone 2-6.
Bronzy red tinged, oval-shaped new leaves emerge in the spring maturing to green. Large, dark, rosy red flowers. Glossy, ruby colored fruit is bitter but loved by wildlife. Year-round interest. Scarlet to burgundy foliage in autumn. Red fruit will cling to branches into the winter, attracting birds. Small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30 ft. tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. Cherokee Chief is known for its disease resistance. Plant in woodlands, wildlife gardens, or use as a specimen tree. Patented. Zone 5-9.
Large white flowers in June which last a month, followed by large strawberry-like pinkish red, edible yet bland fruit that will attract birds. Dark green long leaves turn scarlet to purple leaves in autumn. Chinese Oriental Dogwoods have year-round interest. Horizontal branching tree with a rounded crown and pyramidal growth to 25-30 ft. Resistant to dogwood anthracnose and borers. Hardy to -20°F. Zone 5-8.
A splendid selection of Pacific dogwood discovered along the Columbia River Gorge near the 'Bridge of the Gods'. Leaves are large with heavy texture and brilliant yellow-red fall color. Ivory White "flowers" are extra-large, up to 6-8" across, with a very round, cup-like character. Sometimes an additional fall bloom will occur! Red fruits attract wildlife. Beautiful understory tree growing to about 20-40 ft. Colrigo Giant may prefer west coast growing conditions. Acidic, well-drained soil is a must. Highly susceptible to anthracnose. Also listed as 'Corrigo Giant'. Zones 6-8.
Very early spring bloom, a mass of fuzzy, small yellow star-shaped flowers before the leaves appear. Some of the first flower to appear in spring! Fruit also appear earlier, great for providing food to hungry birds after the winter. Bright, olive-shaped red fruits are edible and appear among the dark green glossy leaves in late summer. Fruit can be eaten fresh, used in pies, preserves and syrups. Reddish-purple fall hues varies year to year. Scaly, exfoliating bark that curls back and can be displayed by removing lower branches to make a tree form. If left alone, will grow as a dense, bushy shrub great for screening and hedges, growing 20 ft. x 20 ft. Full sun to part shade. Well-drained rich soils. Cultivated in Asian and Europe since ancient times, where Cornelian cherry is native. A tough dogwood that is also resistant to anthracnose. Hardy to -30° F. Zone 5-8.
Abundant white, saucer-like flower bracts in April. Oval shaped leaves with a great red fall color. Small red fruit attracts birds. Mid-sized narrow tree with layered branches, pyramidal growth that is slightly pendulous. Slowly growing to 25 ft. x 20 ft. Part sun to part shade. Moist, well-drained rich soil. Eddie's White Wonder Dogwood is a great as a woodland specimen. A hybrid selected in Vancouver, British Columbia 1955. Anthracnose resistant. Zone 6.
Photo courtesy of eppserver.ag.utk.edu/dogwood
Large, sweet fruited, heavy bearing selection. Very early spring bloom, a mass of yellow star-shaped flowers before its leaves appear. Red edible, sweet pear-shaped fruits appear in late summer. Nice fruit for fresh eating and use in pies. Will attracts wildlife. Reddish-purple fall color. Grows over 10 ft. Needs acidic, rich, well-drained soil. Elegant™ is a Ukrainian Cornelian Cherry Dogwood variety. Resistant to anthracnose. Plant two varieties for cross-pollination and to ensure good crops. Hardy to -30° F. Zone 4-8.
A massive display of creamy white, star-shaped false flower petals (bracts) appear in June. Flowers may even open up lime green before changing to white. Long-lasting flowers attract butterflies and bees. Strawberry-like fruit hang from its branches until autumn when the leaves turn deep scarlet Fruit may persist until winter. Year-round interest makes Milky Way one of the most popular varieties available. This variety has a lower branching, bushy form Prolific. Small to medium tree with graceful, upright form up to 20 ft. x 20 ft. Trunk is gray and mottled. Developed in Ohio during the 1960's. Zone 5-8.
Our West Coast native dogwood is the largest of all dogwoods, growing to heights of 30-50 ft. by 25 ft. wide. Large white flowers in spring have 4-8 false petals surrounding the true flowers, which are found in the yellow centers. Occasionally reblooming in early fall. Produces rosy red berries. Nice autumn foliage. Prefers shade and makes for a wonderful understory tree, white blossoms glow under dappled sunlight in the forest and shine in the moonlight. Attractive, flowering addition to a Pacific Northwest native planting. Native dogwoods are dying from dogwood anthracnose, a nonnative fungal disease that slowly kills the tree limb by limb. To minimalize chances for disease impact, grow only in ideal conditions; good drainage, deep soil that is high in organic matter, dry summers with no supplemental watering once established, avoid pruning or other stress. Bark and wood is traditionally important to indigenous people and used in the making of tools such as bows and arrows. Bark contains tannin which can be used in dyes. Small well rooted seedlings. Also called Western Dogwood, Mountain Dogwood, or California Dogwood. Hardy to -30°F. Zone 4-9.
Known as Red-Twig Dogwood for its red, multi-stemmed branches. Dense, flat-top clusters of white blossoms in spring which later drape down and become tipped with white berries. Dark green leaves change to burgundy in autumn and shine scarlet in sunlight. Amazing wildlife value as a food source to a range of birds, beneficial insects and mammals. An important larval host to the Spring Azure Butterfly. Red stems are brilliant against a snowy background in winter. Prune for more new growth and selective removal of older stems is a good practice to maintain the vivid bright red twigs. Naturally round shaped shrub on average to 8 ft. Natural habitat is in wooded or open areas, river banks and other wet areas. Preferring moist yet well-drained soils. Red Osier Dogwoods are native to a vast range of northern American. Spreads by underground stolons (runners) to form a dense thicket. Used in waterway bank erosion control and restoration. Root system provides excellent soil retention. A shrub utilized in many ways by indigenous peoples, with the bark being used as dye and for medicinal purposes. Branches harvested in spring can be used in basket making and will keep red color when dried. Fast growth rate is great in mass planting landscapes, hedges or use as a winter interest specimen. Plant 3-4' apart in a hedge. Full sun to partial shade. Zone 3-7.
Covered by small yellow star-shaped flowers in March. Produces a heavy crop of dark red, large fruit, up to 1¼ inch long. Fruit is edible and ripens in September, a few weeks later than Elegant™ Cornelian Cherry. Will attract wildlife. Yellow foliage in autumn. Strongly vase-shaped tree and takes well to pruning or grow to 20 ft. x 12ft. Can be spelled 'Redstar' and is also known in Ukraine as the variety 'Vidubetskii'. Zone 4-8.
Grafted variety of Oriental dogwood with the disease resistance of C. kousa and pink to red flowers. Satomi Red Oriental Dogwood has great fall colors. Grows to 20 ft. Well rooted, stocky, branched and will flower within the next year. Hardy to -25 °F.