We offer many different disease resistant apple trees on a variety of rootstocks. Factors affecting eventual size of fruit trees include the natural fertility of the site, fertilizer, age, and variance between individual varieties. For example, some apple varieties are naturally vigorous - William's Pride, Gravenstein, Chehalis, King, Northern Spy, and Spitzenberg. Or compact varieties such as Liberty, Akane, and Winter Banana. The advantage of dwarfing rootstocks is in ease of harvest, quick bearing and large fruit. Small trees can be planted much closer together, allowing for greater variety in a small area. One disadvantage of dwarfs are a smaller root systems, resulting in poorer anchoring and more drought susceptibility which can make them more prone to disease and insect attack.
Dwarfing apple trees with a heavy fruit loads may need staking or other support to keep from falling over. Early thinning of heavy crop loads can lessen this problem and will increase the size of remaining fruit. Summer pruning, from June to early August, has a naturally dwarfing effect on dwarfs or standard sizes, keeping them small for ease of harvest and to accommodate smaller spaces. With annual pruning the apple trees can be maintained short enough to reach from the ground with an arm outstretched. A compact tree is also much easier to net if bird predation is a problem.
Rootstocks: *If we're out of a particular rootstock size, we will substitute the closest size available unless if you request no substitutions. *
Mini Dwarf - EM27 is our most dwarfing rootstock to about 5 ft. M9 NIC29 and Bud 9 are more typically 6-10 ft. All are very precocious and require staking or trellising.
Dwarf - EM26 and G222 reach 8-12 ft. and can be free standing if thinned when young. G-935 is a dwarfing rootstock from Geneva NY and it is known for cold hardiness, few suckers, and quick production of large fruit with resistance to fireblight, root rot, and crown rot.
Semi-dwarf - EM7A and M106 are semi-dwarfs that grow 10-17 ft. M111 rootstock is a slighter larger semi-dwarf. BUD118 is an extra hardy Russian rootstock, gives a large semi-dwarf tree, about the size of M111. They are all better anchored and more drought tolerant.
Standard - Antonovka is a standard rootstock which gives a very hardy, well anchored, full sized tree (+20 ft.).
THE APPLE VARIETIES ARE LISTED BELOW IN ORDER OF RIPENING.
Developed specifically for its disease resistance, fruit quality and productivity. Rebella® Apples are resistant to scab, rust, mildew, fire blight, bacterial canker and European red mite. The large fruit is red to reddish-yellow, sweet with well balanced acid. Bloom time is mid to late. Apples ripen mid to late September. Also called 'Bella'.
Very resistant to scab, mildew, cedar apple rust and fireblight. Liberty Apples have attractive red fruit that is medium size, with a crisp sweet/tart flavor and is especially high in antioxidents. Midseason ripening, very productive. Bears annually and is a good keeper. Self-fertile. Pollinates with Akane, Prima, William’s Pride, Spartan, Dayton, and others. Zone 4-9.
One of the best tasting of all apples. Crisp, tart and juicy when first harvested, they improve and taste sweeter a few weeks after harvest and will keep for 4 months. Small to medium sized fruits with yellow/green skin covered in brown russeting. Flesh is yellow and fragrant. Used for dessert and sauce and makes a fine cider. Ashmead's Kernal Apple tree have some resistance to scab and mildew. An English variety from the early 1700's. Zone 3.
Dark red dessert quality. Also good for cooking. Excellent keeper. Self-fertile. High antioxidant level. Resistant to scab, mildew and fireblight. Spartan Apples are a hybrid of McIntosh x Newton. Zone 3-9.
A columnar shaped apple. Produces large, crisp McIntosh like fruit on spurs along the main trunk with a few short side branches. Northpole™ Columnar apple trees are useful as a container grown tree or as a Belgian Fence.
A columnar companion to the North Pole Apple, ripening several weeks later in early fall. Large red blushed fruit is very sweet, crisp and juicy. Scarlet Sentinel Apple Trees are disease resistant and very productive on a short, narrow tree.
Large yellow fruit with a red blush, resembles Northern Spy. Good flavor that improves in storage, a very good keeper. Scab and cedar apple rust resistant. Late bloomer, ripens early October. Prairie Spy Apple is an exceptionally hardy selection from Minnesota. Zone 2-8.
Large red apples with yellow juicy flesh, crisp, sweet and especially flavorful. A vigorous tree, late ripening, a good keeper and productive though somewhat biennial bearing. Very good fresh, for juice, or hard cider. Baldwin Apple was once the most popular variety in New England and in Southwest Washington. Lacks hardiness in real cold winter regions and susceptible to scab. Not a pollinator. Originated in Massachusetts around 1740.
Sweet red fruits are of exceptional flavor. They are also juicy and crisp. Mid fall ripening, high yielding, the fruits hang well on the tree and keep very well into spring. Scab immune and resistant to the other major apple diseases. Mid to late bloom time in spring. New release from PRI, the culmination of 60 plus year old breeding program for desirable, disease resistant varieties. Jonathan, Newton, and Cox's Orange Pippen are among Winecrisp Apple's parents. USPP No. 20437.
Large, firm, juicy, tart fruits are often picked green for pies and sauces. Allowed to fully ripen, fruit is yellow/red and suitable for fresh eating. Bramley's Apples are also used in cider blends. High vitamin C content and especially high in beneficial antioxidants. Vigorous and heavy bearing trees in mid-season. Scab and mildew resistant. Pollen sterile, needs a late blooming pollinator such as Northern Spy, Gold Rush, Wolf River or Winecrisp. Zone 4-9.