Elderberries are North American native shrubs with large, white flower clusters and big bunches of small, dark berries. Elderberry fruit is known for its immune boosting qualities. Other benefits of the berries, is that they have anti-carcinogen, anti-oxidant properties, and are very high in Vitamin C. A good choice for treating a cold. Fruits are used for wine, juice, and jelly. The flower clusters of the elderberry plant are used as a vegetable that can be dipped in batter and fried as fritters. The elderberry bush has very dependable fruit production due to late bloom in June. It's not bothered by insects or diseases. Quick to grow to mature height of 6-8 ft.
Largest berry on big clusters. Berries ripen later than others. Prefers summer moisture to maintain fruit quality. Resents root disturbance. Will produce in part shade and grows 8-12 ft. tall. Self-fertile, but often sets better with a second variety, usually Nova. York Elderberry is from New York, 1964. Zone 3-8.
A newer commercial variety from Denmark with big clusters of black fruits that are especially high in antioxidants. Plants bear on two year old wood. Samdal Elderberry will send up many new canes from the base each year, so in order to keep the plant more manageable, commercial growers will prune out the second year canes after the crop has finished producing. Grows to about 5-7 ft. Care needs to be taken in harvesting, as elderberries can be brittle and roots resent disturbance. Zone 3-7.
Reddish pink flowers in large clusters with purple/red leaves and black edible fruits. Thundercloud Elderberry is a highly ornamental and productive selection from Germany. Can grow 8-10 ft. tall. Zone 5-9.