Very low: 100 - 200 hours below 45F
Commercial fruiting deciduous shrub with larger berries and clusters than wild varieties - also sweeter than most cultivated varieties. Black fruits in abundance for wine, juice and jelly, with Brix of approx 12. Large flat panicles of white flowers for butterflies, bees and human harvest. Self fruitful, but often sets better with another variety, usually York. Naturally dwarfing.
Very good. No major pests or disease problems.
LIGHT, WATER, SOIL, FERTILITY NEEDS:
Full to 1/2 sun, balanced moisture in summer to increase fruit quality, reduce grass competition in root zone. Top dress with compost yearly. Try not to cultivate around brittle surface roots.
6' x 6'
From Nova Scotia
Early - March/April
Summer or dormant prune for airflow and ease of harvest. Remove older branches as needed to invigorate harvests.
July - August.
Both blossoms and fruits are edible. This variety is natural dwarf.